Canadian Eskimo Dog Breeder/ Top 15 Interesting Facts


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Canadian Eskimo Dog Breeder

Ancient Sled Prowess:
– The Canadian Eskimo dog, an ancient and scarce sled dog, boasts remarkable strength, stamina, and a temperament characterized by bravery, alertness, loyalty, and affection.
– Recognized as North America’s oldest indigenous dog breed, this majestic and powerful arctic canine migrated from Siberia over a millennium ago.

Historic Working Legacy:
– Originally employed as a working dog, the Canadian Eskimo played a vital role as a draft animal, pulling loads ranging from 120 to 150 pounds over distances spanning 15 to 70 miles daily.
– While not suited for typical domestic settings, these dogs, in the right environment, transform into wonderful companions, demonstrating effective networking abilities and inherently playful and curious nature.

Inuit Companionship from the Start

Inuit Survival Partners:
– The early Thule Inuit people, navigating the harsh Canadian Arctic for millennia, owe their survival to an indispensable companion: the Canadian Eskimo dog.
– These dogs played a vital role, accompanying Inuit communities from Asia to North America, akin to the significance of camels in desert regions.

Indispensable Arctic Companions:
– Inseparably intertwined with Inuit life, Canadian Eskimo dogs supported hunters in challenging tasks, such as locating sealed breathing holes and controlling musk oxen and polar bears.
– The breed’s invaluable contributions date back over 4000 years, originating with the Thule people’s breeding efforts after crossing the Bering Strait into northern Canada.

Survival Struggles of the Canadian Eskimo Dog

1. Population Decline (1920-1960s):
– In the 1920s, 20,000 Canadian Eskimo dogs thrived.
The introduction of snowmobiles and mass slaughter led to a sharp decline by the 1960s.

2. Extinction Crisis:
– By 1963, only one Canadian Eskimo dog was left in the Canadian Kennel Club.
– Recognizing the cultural loss, a team, backed by the Canadian government, initiated a search for purebreds.

3. Conservation Success:
– Successful efforts located remnant populations in remote Arctic areas.
– A breeding program was launched, leading to a significant population resurgence.

4. Ongoing Struggle (Present):
– Despite success, the breed’s survival remains a challenge.
– The current population of purebred registered Canadian Eskimo dogs stands at around 290.

5. Historical Popularity and Modern Rarity:
– The breed was popular in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
– Numbers declined due to technological changes, making them rare today.

6. Endangered Status (1970s):
– In 1970, the population dropped to mere hundreds, pushing the breed to the brink of extinction.

7. Revival Initiatives (1972 Onwards):
– William Carpenter and John McGrath initiated a project in 1972.
– The first Canadian Eskimo puppy under the project was born in 1986.

8. Current Rarity Outside Canada:
– Despite revival efforts, the breed remains rare and challenging to find outside Canada.

Majestic Build:(Physical characteristics)

– Canadian Eskimo dogs exhibit a medium to large and powerful physique, particularly in males.
– Males possess a robust build, while females are slightly finer-boned.

Athletic Appearance:
– Weighing between 45 to 90 pounds, these dogs stand 25 to 30 inches at the shoulder.
– Their athletic appearance is marked by a deep chest, thick necks, and tails that gracefully curl over their backs.

Double Coat Adaptation:
– Sporting a double coat for harsh climates, they have a soft, thick undercoat and a coarse, stiff outer coat.
– Notably, males may display a more obvious mane around the neck, while females have slightly shorter coats.

Diverse Coat Colors:
– Coat colors vary and can be solid white, white with silver or black patches, brown, or red.
– Despite a visual resemblance to wolves, these dogs share no genetic relation with them.

Distinctive Facial Features:
– Their wedge-shaped heads, small triangular erect ears, and dark almond-shaped eyes contribute to a unique and striking appearance.

Adaptation to Cold Climate:
– Adapted to cold climates, their physical characteristics showcase resilience to harsh Arctic conditions.
– A combination of strength, endurance, and adaptability makes them well-suited to their historical working roles.

Energetic Companionship

– Canadian Eskimo dogs demand active engagement, thriving on continuous working or training activities.
– Well-suited for dynamic sports like mushing, skijoring, or karting, these canines require owners who mirror their energy levels.
– Unsuitable for apartment living, these dogs flourish in spacious environments, ideally a large yard or expansive land, to accommodate their need for physical activity and exploration.

Canadian Eskimo Dog Temperament

Loyalty and Bravery:
– Canadian Eskimo dogs exhibit unwavering loyalty and bravery, traits deeply ingrained in their temperament.
Intelligence and Hard Work:
– Renowned for their intelligence, these dogs are exceptionally hardworking, a reflection of their historical role as sled dogs and hunters.
Prey Drive and Standoffishness:
– Retaining a high prey drive, they are happiest with tasks, and forming strong bonds with family.
– While affectionate to known individuals, they can be standoffish to strangers due to their size, strength, and occasional stubbornness, requiring vigilant control.

 Canadian Eskimo Dogs Family Dynamics

Compatibility with Children:

– Canadian Eskimo dogs can form strong bonds with children if raised together, particularly with older kids who understand and respect their high-energy nature.
Caution in Rough Play:
– Given their intolerance for rough play and nipping, supervision and early education for children on proper dog interaction are crucial.
Predatory Instincts:
– Due to their hunting background, caution is advised with small pets like cats or rabbits.
Multidog Household Suitability:
– While they can coexist in a multidog household, ensuring a well-established pack order and strong leadership is essential.

Extra Care for the  Breed

Ideal Living Conditions:
A house with a large yard is suitable for Canadian Eskimo dogs.
The yard should have a fence at least 6 feet high to prevent jumping.
The fence should be buried slightly into the ground.

Escape Artist Behavior:
– Eskimo dogs are skilled at escaping, especially when the urge to hunt and work arises.

Heat Sensitivity:
– Canadian Eskimo dogs are prone to heat stroke during hot weather.
– Precautions include providing a cool shaded area.
– Ensuring access to plenty of cold fresh water is essential.

Exercise Caution:
– It’s advisable to avoid exercising Eskimo dogs during hot summer days.

Grooming Requirements for Canadian Eskimo Dogs: Keeping Your Furry Friend Pristine

Brushing Routine

The luxurious coat of Canadian Eskimo dogs demands regular attention to maintain its pristine condition. Brushing should be conducted at least a couple of times a week to keep the fur in optimal health. While these dogs do shed a normal amount throughout the year, be prepared for an increase in shedding during specific seasons, especially in late summer. During such times, daily brushing is essential to prevent clumps of hair from matting.

Seasonal Considerations

The winter months bring relief as grooming becomes less demanding. Many owners find that their Eskimo dogs require minimal grooming during this period. However, vigilance and basic care should not wane, ensuring the dog’s overall well-being.

Coat Maintenance Tips

To manage heavy shedding during seasonal peaks, consider using a rake on their coat. This helps in preventing clumps and ensures a tidy, healthy coat. Regular brushing not only maintains the aesthetic appeal but also contributes to the dog’s comfort and happiness.

 Nail Care

Like all dogs, Canadian Eskimo dogs require regular nail trims, typically every few weeks. This routine maintenance is crucial for their comfort and mobility. Neglecting nail care can lead to discomfort and potential health issues.

 Dental Hygiene

Daily teeth brushing is a must for good overall health and fresh breath. Incorporate this into your routine to prevent dental problems and maintain your Eskimo dog’s oral hygiene. Dental health is often overlooked but plays a significant role in the dog’s overall well-being.

Training Canadian Eskimo Dogs: Nurturing Intelligence with Firm Leadership

 Understanding the Basics

Training Canadian Eskimo dogs can be a rewarding experience when approached with the right mindset. These intelligent canines, unlike many other spitz dogs, have a notable inclination to listen and obey their owners. However, success in training relies heavily on your role as a firm leader with prior experience in handling dogs.

 Leadership and Intelligence

Given their intelligence, Canadian Eskimo dogs respond well to a firm and confident leader. Unlike some spitz breeds, they typically require less repetition, making the training process more efficient. Quick obedience is achievable, provided the owner assumes a decisive role in guiding the dog.

 The Importance of Firmness

While these dogs are generally cooperative, any hint of meekness or laxity in enforcing rules can pose challenges. It’s crucial to be patient, confident, and consistent in your training approach. Being in charge at all times establishes a clear hierarchy, reducing the likelihood of behavioral issues.

 Challenges and Solutions

Be prepared for moments when your Eskimo dog tests your authority, displaying mischievous or stubborn behavior. During such times, employing positive training methods is key. Treats and positive reinforcement become powerful tools in reaching your pup and reinforcing good behavior.

 Key Training Principles

1. Patience is Paramount:
– Understand that training takes time; be patient and persistent.

2. Consistency is Key:
– Maintain consistency in commands and expectations.

3. Confidence Builds Respect:
– Project confidence to earn your dog’s respect and trust.

4. Positive Reinforcement:
– Utilize treats and positive reinforcement for desired behaviors.

Navigating the Health Landscape of Canadian Eskimo Dogs: Lifespan, Concerns, and Wellness Strategies


The Canadian Eskimo dog typically lives for 10 to 15 years.

– Health Concerns:
The breed is prone to minor issues like hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, cataracts, and arthritis.

– Arctic Origins and Immune System:
Originating from the Arctic with minimal crossbreeding, their immune system may be weaker, requiring yearly shots.

– Maintenance Through Diet and Exercise:
A healthy diet and regular exercise are crucial for preserving the longevity of Canadian Eskimo dogs.

A closeup shot of cute huskies in a snowy forest

Alternate Names and Shared Lineage: Unveiling the Aliases of Canadian Eskimo Dogs

Alternate Names:
Canadian Eskimo dogs are also referred to as Canadian Inuit dogs, Qimmiq, Canadian Huskies, or Exquimaux.

Greenland Dog Connection:
The Greenland Dog is considered the same breed as the Canadian Eskimo dog due to its shared history and ancestry.

Genetic Similarities:
Despite geographic isolation, the Greenland Dog and Canadian Eskimo Dog haven’t genetically diverged enough to be classified as separate breeds.

Investing in Heritage: Understanding the Average Cost of Canadian Eskimo Dogs

Rare Breed Cost:
The average cost of a well-bred Canadian Eskimo dog is approximately $8,750.

Genetic History Awareness:
Understanding the breed’s genetic history is crucial for ensuring a happy and healthy dog.

Preserving Legacy: The Collaborative Effort to Save the Canadian Eskimo Dog

Reviving Heritage: Government and Breeders Collaborate

The Canadian government leads the effort to save the critically endangered Canadian Eskimo Dog from extinction, working hand in hand with dedicated breeders.

 Cultural Significance Acknowledged

Acknowledging the breed’s close ties to Inuit culture, conservation efforts aim to protect not only a dog breed but also an essential component of Canada’s past.

 Struggles and Triumphs

Midway through the 20th century, the breed had a sharp decline, compounded by competition from foreign dog breeds and technological advances. Hope was reignited by successful breeding programs and distant searches.

 Ongoing Challenges

Notwithstanding their successes, the Canadian Eskimo Dog population is still vulnerable, necessitating ongoing work to ensure this old and uncommon sled dog has a stable future.

 Hope for the Future

The cooperative effort to preserve this cultural symbol is indicative of a common will to guarantee the Canadian Eskimo Dog’s heritage remains, resonating across genres.


How much does a Canadian Eskimo cost?
On average, a well-bred Canadian Eskimo dog costs around $8,750, reflecting its status as a rare breed with unique considerations for potential owners.
What is Eskimo’s real name?

“Eskimo” is a term that has been historically used to refer to the indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Siberia. However, it’s important to note that the term is considered outdated and even offensive by some communities.

The preferred and more respectful term to use is “Inuit” when referring to the indigenous people of the Arctic. “Inuit” is the appropriate name for the ethnic group residing in these regions.

Is Eskimo a security dog?
No, the Eskimo dog, particularly the Canadian Eskimo Dog, is not traditionally used as a security dog. They historically served as working dogs, assisting with tasks such as sled pulling and hunting in Arctic regions.
Are Eskimo dogs high maintenance?
Yes, Eskimo dogs, particularly the Canadian Eskimo Dog, can be considered high maintenance. Their thick double coat requires regular grooming, and they have specific needs regarding exercise, living conditions, and attention to health issues.
What are the health issues with Canadian Eskimo dogs?
Canadian Eskimo dogs are prone to various health issues, including hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, cataracts, and arthritis. Additionally, due to their origin in extremely cold regions, they may have a weaker immune system, necessitating yearly shots to maintain good health.